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What is Spam and How to Fix on PC or Your Mobile Phone

Have you ever wondered what spam actually is, why many people associate spam with scams or the like?

But before continuing, have you ever received the same message repeatedly in your gadget’s inbox? If so, then you have received something called “Spam.”

Spam is a way of utilizing electronic equipment used to send information or messages in the form of writing, images, videos, or other forms to other people continuously without being asked, known, or without permission by the recipient of the message.

What is Spam? – Definition & Types of Spam

what is spam message

Simply put, Spam is the use of electronic devices to send messages repeatedly beyond the capacity that can be tolerated by the recipient of the spam message.

Advances in information and communication technology supported by the use of the internet always increase every year. This certainly causes several positive and negative impacts on human activities. One of the negative impacts is the emergence of spam activity.

Receiving a large number of messages continuously can cause anxiety for the recipient of the message, moreover, the information or messages received are deemed unimportant and useful for the recipient. Early uses of spam were related to religion and politics.

One example is Serdar Argic. It uses Usenet spam for history revisionists. Some evangelists have also used Usenet spam and e-mail to spread sermons. With the development of spam, more and more irresponsible people are using spam for various kinds of fraud.

In some cases spammers use it to attract people to a place, carry out kidnappings, and demand ransom, even victims are killed if they don’t give a ransom immediately.

However, this spam activity is actually considered profitable for some business people. For them, this activity can be used to market the products or services they sell in the form of advertisements through spam activities.

Also Read: How to Report an Instagram Account and get it Deleted

This is supported because spam does not require a mailing list to reach the desired customers. When it comes to spam, there are several terms that you must understand. Some examples of popular terms related to spam are:


Spamming is a term that refers to the activities and actions of spam. Information sent in spamming is usually information that tends to be unimportant and very disturbing to the recipient of the message, because the message sent is actually not wanted by the recipient.


If spamming refers to the action, spammer refers to the person behind the action. In short, the spammer is a term for people who do spam actions. In this case, spammers can be categorized into criminal activities or what is known as cybercrime because it can damage or have a negative impact on cyber activities.

Spam forms

what is spam in computer

There are many forms of spam that you can easily encounter today, some of which are:

Electronic Mail (Email)

Email is one of the platforms that get spam messages the most. Spam in e-mail or e-mail is the practice of sending messages in the e-mail that are unsolicited, often commercial in nature, and in large quantities to anyone. However, email already has a filter system that will filter spam automatically.

Instant Messaging

In addition to email, instant messages are also one of the targets for the spread of spam. Although not as popular as the use of electronic mail, according to a report from Ferris Research, there were 500 million instant messages spam sent in 2003, this number is quite a large number because it has doubled compared to 2002.

Usually, we will receive spam because instant messages tend not to be blocked by firewalls so this channel is very useful for spammers.

Usenet Newsgroups and Forums

As the name implies, this type of spam targets Usenet newsgroups. In addition, forum spam is the act of creating messages in the form of advertisements or unwanted messages on internet forums. Most spam on forums consists of links that will direct us to external sites for a specific purpose.

Mobile phone

This type of spam is sent through the sender of the message to the recipient in the form of a short message or SMS. In addition to disturbing the recipient of the message, this type of spam also allows us to be charged for every text message we receive.

Online game

Online gaming spam applies to all forms of mass messaging and that violates the terms of the service contract for the website. The way this type of spam works is through the in-game message system or it can also turn off the game and then redirect players to a sales website.

Web information search engine

This type of spam is also known as spamdexing. Spamdexing itself is an abbreviation of two words, namely spamming and indexing. Spam refers to the practice on the WWW of modifying HTML pages to increase their chances of placing spam in the most highly relevant search engines.

Also Read: How to Reactivate Facebook Account That has been Disabled

Many modern search engines modify their search algorithms to try to exclude web pages using spamdexing tactics.

Blogs, Wikis and Guestbooks

This type of spam is not only accepted through blog content, but also through comments. Usually, many comments in an article to the extent that it crosses the line.

In 2003, this type of spam took advantage of open comments in the Movable Type software blog by repeatedly placing comments for various blog posts. Similar attacks are often carried out against wikis and guestbooks.

How to Overcome Spam in Gmail

what is spam mail

As previously mentioned, email or electronic mail is one of the most frequently spammed platforms. If you get an unwanted email in your Gmail inbox, you can block or unsubscribe from the sender, or report the message to Gmail. Here are the ways you can do it:

Block email addresses on Android

  • Open the Gmail app on your smartphone
  • Open message
  • Click the “More” button
  • Tap Block “sender name”

When you have blocked a sender, the messages they sent will automatically go to the Spam folder

Unsubscribe from bulk email

Keep in mind, after unsubscribing, the mailing list may take a few days before it finally stops sending you messages.

Usually, if you’ve ever registered on a site that sends out emails frequently, such as promotions or newsletters, that’s the cause of a lot of spam that enters your email.

Therefore, you can do this method to prevent spam from continuing to enter your email, namely:

  • Open the Gmail app on your smartphone
  • Open the email from the sender you want to unsubscribe from.

At the bottom of the message, tap Unsubscribe or Change preferences. If you do not see this option, the sender of the message did not provide the information necessary to unsubscribe. If so, you can follow the steps above to block the sender or mark the message as spam.

Delete spam or suspicious messages

The last way you can try to deal with spam in your email is to delete it, here are the steps:

  • Open the Gmail app on your smartphone
  • Tap the letter or photo to the left of the message, or open the message.
  • Click the “More” button located in the upper right corner

Also Read: How to Recover Gmail Password Without Phone Number and Recovery Email

  • Select the Report Spam option.

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